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The Trinity and the Vindication of Christian Paradox

I was made aware last night of Brant Bosserman’s new book on Van Til and the doctrine of the Trinity. It appears to be one you should purchase (if not for you, I’ll take one). The title is The Trinity and the Vindication of Christian Paradox: An Interpretation and Refinement of the Theological Apologetic of Cornelius Van Til Brant is one of the pastors at Trinitas Presbytery Church, Mill Creek, WA. The forward was written by Scott Oliphint (see below) and is endorsed by James Anderson, and John Frame. The book has not made it to Amazon yet, but will be in about 6-8 weeks. You can purchase it through Wipf and Stock here

Books description:
The Trinity and the Vindication of Christian Paradox grapples with the question of how one may hold together the ideals of systematic theology, apologetic proof, and theological paradox by building on the insights of Cornelius Van Til. Van Til developed an apologetic where one presupposes that the triune God exists, and then proves this Christian presupposition by demonstrating that philosophies that deny it are self-defeating in the specific sense that they rely on principles that only the Trinity, as the ultimate harmony of unity and diversity, can furnish. A question raised by Van Til’s trademark procedure is how he can evade the charge that the apparent contradictions of the Christian faith render it equally self-defeating as non-Christian alternatives. This text argues that for Van Til, Christian paradoxes can be differentiated from genuine contradictions by the way that their apparently opposing elements discernibly require one another, even as they present our minds with an irresolvable conflict. And yet, Van Til failed to sufficiently vindicate the central Christian paradox—the doctrine of the Trinity—along the lines required by his system. Hence, the present text offers a unique proof that God can only exist as the pinnacle of unity-in-diversity, and as the ground of a coherent Christian system, if He exists as three, and only three, divine Persons.

Table of Contents
Part I. Origins of Van Til’s Theological Apologetic
Ch. 1 Old Princeton
Ch. 2 Old Amsterdam
Ch. 3 Absolute Idealist Philosophy

Part II. Van Til’s Orthodox Trinitarian System
Ch. 4 Transcendental Argument
Ch. 5 Trinitarian Theory of Knowledge
Ch. 6 Trinitarian Logic
Ch. 7 Coherent Trinitarian Theology

Part III. Critique of Van Til
Ch. 8 The Looming Problem of Paradox

Part IV. Trinitarian Vindication of Christian Paradox
Ch. 9 God
Ch. 10 Reality
Ch. 11 Man
Ch. 12 Sin and Salvation


Forward by Scott Oliphint:
As one who has labored for decades to understand, articulate and re-articulate Cornelius Van Til’s Reformed approach to the discipline of apologetics, I have normally been aware of other scholars in the field whose concerns have been coincident with mine. One day, I received an email from Brant Bosserman, with his doctoral dissertation attached, from which this work is taken. I had never heard of Dr. Bosserman, so my instinct was to do (unfortunately) what I do with virtually all emails of this nature — consign it to the digital trash bin. I rarely have time to read what is required of me, much less what comes to me “out of the blue.” But, since this work was focused on Van Til’s thought, I decided that I should at least skim it.

My attempt to skim Dr. Bosserman’s dissertation turned to serious and concentrated reading. I read every page, some more than once. By the time I had finished this work, I recognized that Dr. Bosserman had successfully focused his energies on a topic that is not only central to the Christian faith, but that is central to all of Van Til’s thought. I set this work aside and thought, “Why hasn’t this been done before?”

There are a number of responses to that question. One response would be that, though Van Til’s apologetic method has its genesis in an affirmation of the ontological Trinity, many of the criticisms of Van Til’s thought have, historically, focused on other things. For example, there has been, and continues to be, serious misunderstandings about what, exactly, Van Til means by the notion of “presupposition.” There have been those who have seen Van Til’s rejection of the standard formulations of the “theistic proofs” as a concession to fideism. There have been, in other words, pressing matters of clarity that needed, and still need, to be addressed. Whatever the reasons, however, the topic that is given its due herein is not by any means tangential to Van Til’s thinking; it is the warp and woof of everything that he believed, taught and wrote.

Without question, the most radical, revolutionary, requisite and Reformed aspect of the apologetic set forth by Van Til was his insistence that one’s defense of Christianity must begin with the ontological Trinity. No apologist prior to him had argued such a thing, in part because it meant that the discipline of apologetics must self-consciously begin with Scripture. So, says Van Til:

“…a consistently Christian method of apologetic argument, in agreement with its own basic conception of the starting point, must be by presupposition. To argue by presupposition is to indicate what are the epistemological and metaphysical principles that underlie and control one’s method. The Reformed apologist will frankly admit that his own methodology presupposes the truth of Christian theism. Basic to all the doctrines of Christian theism is that of the self-contained God, or, if we wish, that of the ontological trinity. It is this notion of the ontological trinity that ultimately controls a truly Christian methodology. Based upon this notion of the ontological trinity and consistent with it, is the concept of the counsel of God according to which all things in the created world are regulated.”

Everything that Van Til wrote and taught has its center in the distinctly Christian, biblical truth of God’s Triunity. The fact that God is One in Three must take its rightful place in the theology of any Christian, and especially any Reformed Christian. Not only so, but as goes one’s theology, so ought to go one’s apologetic; a Trinitarian theology demands a Trinitarian apologetic as well.

But, in spite of Van Til’s consistent emphasis throughout his career and his writings, the fact of God’s Triunity has not yet ascended to its rightful place, especially in the area of a Christian defense of the faith, and the theology that must undergird that defense. Generally speaking, when mention is made of Van Til’s emphasis on the Trinity, the discussion usually turns to the philosophical problem of the “one and the many.” Aside from that, little is said, and even less is elaborated.

One can peruse the books and writings of authors who follow in Van Til’s line (including mine!) and there will not be a primary and focused articulation of the Trinity, and the implications of that doctrine, in virtually any of them. There is “honorable mention” made in most works, and some have wanted to move from that doctrine to possible implications, but none of us has, in my opinion, drawn out the deep and rich entailments that a rich, robust, Reformed doctrine of the Trinity requires for the way that we think about the world, about our theology, and about apologetics. This is not as it should be.

We owe Dr. Bosserman a debt of deep gratitude for mounting the difficulties of Van Til’s Trinitarian thought, grabbing the reins, spurring it in the side, and moving it forward, as he guides us through the trail of the rich and radical contours that have otherwise been lying pent up and dormant, virtually hidden from view.

With the pathway now clearer because of Dr. Bosserman’s work, those of us who seek to follow in Van Til’s line can better recognize its direction, as well as its boundaries. There will be more brush to clear along the way; a work of this depth and breadth is bound to have a few briars and brambles still remaining in the path. But the Trinitarian trail, mapped out by Van Til, has now been extensively trod. Its end has not been reached, and we may want to sidestep it in places in order to mark off a better side-path, but wisdom points to the trail Dr. Bosserman has blazed as the best place to begin.

K. Scott Oliphint
Professor of Apologetics and Systematic Theology,
Westminster Theological Seminary

Dr. James White in Johannesburg


Here is Dr. White’s schedule in Johannesburg, South Africa.   This schedule is subject to change!

Friday, October 3

Debate: Jesus or St. Paul – Who is the true founder of Christianity?

James White debates Bashir Varnia

Shan Nun Islam Hall
Lenasia 1821, South Africa
Argon Crescent & Goud Crescent, opposite Rosepark
7:00 PM


Saturday, October 4

Biblical Worldview Conference

Topic: Why we can trust our New Testament
James White
with Tim Cantrel

Sandton Bible Church
15 Leslie Ave.  Sandton, 2191
Douglasdale, SA
8:00 AM – 9:00 PM


Sunday, October 5

Antioch Bible Church

Session: Roman Catholicism

Knights Preparatory School
Corner of Nerina Street and Alexander Street
8:00 AM


Heritage Baptist Church

25 5th Street
Corner of 5th and 7th
Melville, Johannesburg
7:00 PM


Tuesday, October 7th

Debate: Reading Each Other’s Scriptures: A Christian/Muslim Debate.
Christology in John’s Gospel & the Qur’anic position on the Bible

James White debates Yusuf Ismail

Juma Masjid Masque

corner Denis Hurley (old Grey) Street and Dr. Yusuf Dadoo (old Queen) Street
Durban, 4001, South Africa
6:30 PM


Wednesday, October 8th

Debate: Crucifixion & Resurrection: Fact or Fiction

James White debates Ayoob Karim

David Landau Community Hall

5 Crocus Rd
Asherville, Kwazulu Natal, 4091, South Africa


Learning to Read NT Greek/Jesus

In last Friday’s post I mentioned the text book Robert Plummer is using for his video series. David Alan’s book (on Kindle) is on sale right now for $2.99. Click here to purchase.

Also wanted to mentioned the Reformation Bible College Fall conference that took place last week. The theme of the conference was “We Would See Jesus” and included speakers: Gregory Beale, L. Michael Morales, Stephen Nichols, R.C. Sproul, R.C. Sproul Jr., and Derek Thomas. Click here to watch.

Slowly apostatizing from Greek?

I am sure some readers of the Alpha & Omega Ministries blog have started learning Greek and ended up back in their favorite English translation(s). If you’re like me, you have started learning Greek around 45 times and you really want to get back at it again. Well, why not another website to motivate you.

Robert Plummer, professor of New Testament Interpretation at Southern Baptist Theological Seminary now has the Daily Dose of Greek. If you know a little Greek (no not the owner of the sub shop down the street), or if you want to begin learning Greek, Rob’s site may be the place to begin.

If you are going to start for the 1st time (or 46th for that matter) Plummer’s videos follow David Alan Black’s book Learning to Read New Testament Greek. If you don’t know who David Alan Black is, check out this short video of him teaching Greek. I highly recommend Black’s video series.

Thomas Hudgins also has a series working through Black’s book.

Pastors, Cut Your Sermon Prep Time in HALF! I Am Serious…

I want to piggyback on Michael Kruger’s “You Don’t Think Learning the Biblical Languages is Worth It? Think Again” and add a few comments of my own on the use of Biblical languages for pastors (and anyone who has a desire to learn them).

1. Pastors (I am not one) who actually know how to read the biblical languages (not consulting “Vines”), will tell you that they save many hours of sermon prep time because they are not dependent on secondary sources. If you know the languages you can bypass commentaries and other secondary sources because you possess the ability to work in the text without training wheels—bypass the middle man.

2. Speaking of commentaries, they are overrated, not to mention we are living in the dark ages of commentary writing; i.e. don’t equate how many commentaries that publishers produce with quality. I would rather have one good quality cigar weekly than a cheap cigar every day.

3. And even if you do consult a commentary, journal article, monograph, or the LOGOS library after your linguistic analysis of the biblical text, you are in the position to evaluate them—that’s right they are fallible, including Hebrew and Greek lexicons! I often hear people cite BDAG and other lexicons as if they are inspired and descended gold-plated from the Greek gods themselves. Lexicons are interpretive; and just like commentaries they often repeat each other. I give you permission to critically evaluate these resources. May there be a day when pastors and other students of the Bible will not perform “LOGOS-gesis”—typing in a biblical reference and poof uncritically incorporate your LOGOS results in your sermon…uhg.

4. Don’t learn the biblical languages to be able to “translate.” There are plenty of good translations out there. Why not use them if that is what you are looking for? Learn the biblical languages because you want to read Hebrew and Greek, yes? And read it aloud! Which brings me to my next point.

5. Don’t use the Erasmian pronunciation system that is taught by the vast majority of seminaries today; instead, use the Modern pronunciation or at least Randall Buth’s Koine Reconstruction system. This is a whole other topic that I will write a blog article for. But I really believe that the Erasmian pronunciation is a major impediment to learning Greek and retaining Greek. So many more seminarians will retain their Greek if they learned to read or listen to it aloud with the Modern system. This is what I listen to about every day. If you do use the Erasmian, it only takes a week to switch over to the Modern system. Well worth it, trust me.

6. I recommend Rodney Decker’s first year Greek grammar coming out in November, Reading Koine Greek: An Introduction and Integrated Workbook. Stanley Porter also has an excellent first year grammar. I realize that Mounce’s grammar is the most popular; but don’t confuse popularity with what is the best. Mounce’s traditional understanding of the verb system is flawed in my opinion, as well as the opinions of many other Greek scholars including Decker and Porter.

7. As far as an intermediate Greek grammar I highly recommend Stanley Porter’s Idioms of the Greek New Testament. I realize Wallace’s grammar is the most popular, but, again, don’t confuse popularity with what is the best.

Okay, that’s it. Save on prep time so you can focus on other aspects of pastoral ministry!